b'S T R AT E G I C P L A Ntechnologies or altering operational protocols. Additionally,and utilizing whole-plant analysis tools. Enable regulatory technology and informed policy innovations may allow forenhancement through the efficient use of risk-informed economic, safe, and acceptable options for the disposal ofinformation for both existing and advanced reactors. waste and used fuels. The NS&T directorate will develop technologies and approaches and provide key analyses thatKey Outcome 1.2: enable more efficient, sustainable, and longer operationImprove Operations Performanceof the domestic nuclear reactor fleet; will assist industryand Sustainabilityin achieving enhanced safety, operational efficiency, and extended operating lifetimes; and will provide solutions and analyses that offer safe and accepted management of usedTarget challenges:fuels and waste for the near and long term.1) Improve light-water reactor (LWR) fuels and materials. To these ends, NS&T efforts will focus on impacting fourImprove accident tolerance and performance of light-water key strategic outcomes, detailed below. reactor fuels, emphasizing the development and performance validation of fuels that exhibit improved reaction kinetics Key Outcome 1.1:with steam, enhanced retention of fission products, more Improve Economic Performance robust cladding under extended and off-normal conditions, and better fuel isotopic utilization. Enhance the body of knowledge related to fuels and materials performance Target challenges: through extended-time and transient testing and advanced 1) Implement Advanced Technologies. Develop and enablecomputational analyses.deployment of advanced technologies that facilitate transition2) Plant Modernization. Enable owner-operators of the from current labor-centric business models to technology- existing fleet to deploy existing digital technologies needed centric operations. Lower cost of maintenance and operationsto replace aging and obsolescent analog instrumentation through the application of systems intelligence and secureand control technologies to transition from a labor-centric automation. Emphasize the development and validation ofto a technology-centric business model for operating the advanced systems intelligence techniques combining sensing,commercial fleet of nuclear power plants. Demonstrate computational engineering, operational data, and advancedthrough private-public partnerships how to broadly improve algorithms to create component, subsystem, and systemsplant operations with newer technologies that significantly control, diagnostics, and prognostics that achieve heightenedreduce operating costs while improving reliability and state-space awareness and predictive maintenance.availability of plant systems and plant components. 2) Risk, reliability, and performance management.3) Aging Management. Develop and deploy risk-based Deploy existing risk assessment methodologies and developaging management techniques for advanced inspection and deploy advanced risk and reliability techniques thattechnologies, and predictions modeling capabilities to incorporate advanced computational methodologies,drive optimal plant maintenance, risk-based operations including dynamic probabilistic risk analysis (PRA) andmanagement, and lifetime extension. Special emphases real-time approaches, to inform and train industry, policy,include regulatory reform based on acceptance of the risk-and regulatory stakeholders and establish more cost- based techniques.effective operations. The emphasis is on Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) interaction, particularly involving risk-informed regulatory strategies, as well as enabling risk, reliability, and performance quantification by developing 15'