b'S T R AT E G I C P L A NDeveloping these technologies and approaches with theintelligence; exhibit high-performance fuel economy, elevated global marketplace in mind will provide a realistic path tooutlet temperatures, and improved overall thermodynamic much more economical domestic deployments and enhanceefficiency; and allow for economical manufacture and U.S. competitive positions in industrial technologies. construction, particularly through modular construction. NS&T will accomplish this through demonstrating (designing,Develop and benchmark core neutronic, heat transfer, and building, and operating) advanced nuclear energy systems;whole-plant characteristics of these systems by developing developing of leadership-class advanced computationaland validating applied modeling and simulation tool sets,design and analysis tool sets for fuels, materials, systems,and develop analysis and validation methods for reactorsand components; excelling at integrating technologicaland systems. advances from other fields into whole-system designs;2)Reactors for expanded markets. Develop and validate developing economical manufacturing approaches that enableadvanced reactor systems concepts that allow for atypical, breakthrough systems performance; and developing andnonbaseload operations, including remote site placement, operating experimental facilities necessary to validate themobile use, economical industrial integration, and computational methods and test and validate component,nonterrestrial application. Develop and benchmark core subsystem, and whole-systems performance in order to retireneutronic, heat transfer, and whole-plant characteristics for risk of deployment.these systems by developing and validating applied modeling and simulation tool sets. Emphasize very-small reactor Key Outcome 2.1:development and demonstration. These efforts will be Demonstration and Testing of Advanced Reactors combined with key outcomes associated with heat and reactor management (below), and disruptive potential will be pursued. Target challenge: 3) Advanced fuel cycles. Develop and validate fuel cycle 1)Enable prototypes and demonstration programs. Inmanagement options and enabling technologies that partnership with private-sector developers, establish aggressiveaccommodate advanced reactor technologies, fuels options, demonstration and testing programs that couple with researchand anticipated deployment and resource availability scenarios, and innovation programs to assess technology performance,with an emphasis on advancing actinide management establish regulatory bases, and identify research and developmentand enabling cost-effective disposal options. Support gaps. Near-term emphases include a microreactor demonstrationnonproliferation strategies for treaty verification for advanced by 2023, demonstration of multiple advanced reactornuclear fuel cycle facilities and nuclear forensics with a focus technologies via very small reactor systems, and hosting a private- on detecting misuse of nuclear materials and technologies.sector small modular reactor (SMR) demonstration by 2026.4) Computational and validation tools. Develop world-leading tools necessary to effectively design, analyze, manufacture, Key Outcome 2.2:and qualify advanced reactor, fuel cycle, and whole-plant designs. Design computational methods that allow faster than Disruptive Innovation in Nuclear Reactor real-time simulation to enable revolutionary diagnostics and Design and Fuel Cycle Technologiescontrol strategies. Emphases are on development of multiscale computing tools for static and dynamic analyses, visualization Target challenges: tools, and systems and component validation and qualification 1) Advanced concepts. Develop and validate advancedexperimental facilities (including reactor prototype and critical reactor concepts that substantially improve resilientfacilities, energy conversion and transport test rigs, materials operations through inherent safety and embeddedirradiation capabilities, thermal systems validation capabilities), and enabling measurement, design, and analytical abilities.19'